Diving is a sport in which competitors jump into water from a springboard (1m and 3m) or platform (5m, 7.5m and 10m). During a dive, athletes execute a series of acrobatic movements (somersaults, twists). Divers have to perform a set number of dives.
The order of diving shall be determined by a random draw prior to all preliminary competitions. In the final competition, divers shall compete in the reverse order of their ranking determined by the total scores at the end of the prelims.
At the European Championships – unlike at the Olympics and World Champs – there are no semi-finals in the individual competitions in 3m and 10m, the top 12 ranked divers qualify directly for the finals.
Female competitors are required to perform 5 dives, while the males need to dive 6 times in a session (before the start of any event, divers have to submit their diving sheets featuring the specific dives they chose to perform and the order of the dives – this must be followed strictly in the competition, there is no way to alter it). Each final is a fresh start, divers begin with a clean sheet, the points accumulated in the prelims do not count.
The synchronised diving event are also quite spectacular parts of the programme. At the Europeans the 3m and 10m synchro debuted in 1997. Then, in London 2016 the mixed synchro events also made their premieres – in the synchro events male competitors perform six dives, while in the women and the mixed events participants have five attempts.
The mixed team competition was showcased at the Europeans for the first time in Budapest in 2010. In 2019, at the stand-alone diving Europeans in Kiev a new format has been launched: a team is composed of three or four divers who have to perform an individual dive from 3 and 10m (men and women alike), and a synchro dive from both heights.
At the Europeans there are no prelims in the synchro and team events, only finals are held.